Drug addiction refers to a person’s dependence on certain substances, which can cause extreme harm to his physical and psychological well-being. The chemical composition of these drugs makes the addict very used to them, and it becomes impossible to function normally in their absence. In order to find out how to get rid of drug addiction, one must identify the substance he is dependent on, and through a combination of therapy, a change in lifestyle, and a strong support system, he can overcome this harmful habit, along with the help of addiction treatment center.

The most difficult aspect of treating drug addiction is that the chemicals deeply affect the communicative structure of the brain and create a tendency where one cannot help but consume such injurious substances.

Drugs also cause the nerve cells to release dopamine, a neurotransmitter that creates the ‘high’ feeling. The brain gets used to these high quantities of dopamine and starts to reduce its natural production, which results in the person craving more drugs and losing interest in day-to-day activities.

Recognizing the symptoms as early as possible is very important in learning how to get rid of drug addiction. The most common symptoms are extreme mood swings, insomnia, sudden change in behavior and eating habits, weight loss, runny nose, dilated pupils, glassy and red eyes, loss of interest in hobbies, hallucinations, and carelessness in hygiene. The types of drug addiction depend on the substance one is addicted to. The major ones are as follows:

Meth

This is a type of amphetamine and can be very harmful to the body leading to flaky skin, sores, hair, and tooth loss, among many other negative effects. One can become addicted to meth very quickly, and it is extremely difficult to get rid of the habit.

Heroin

More than half a million people in the US use heroin because of the intense high it produces. It is possible to get dependent on it very soon too.

Cocaine

This is a highly-addictive stimulant made from the leaves of the coca plant. One experiences a short but very intense feeling after smoking, injecting, or inhaling it, causing the blood pressure and heart rate to rise quickly.

Marijuana

This is the most commonly used drug in the US, with over 3 million users. Some people talk about the medical benefits of marijuana, but it can equally cause harm if taken excessively, with other drugs or if the person gets addicted to it.

The first diagnosis starts at the family level, where they notice certain behavioral changes in the person. The American Psychiatry Association has a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders which provides the criteria a person must fulfill to be declared a drug addict. He will be evaluated by a psychiatrist, psychologist, and an addiction counselor, and blood or urine tests may also be conducted.

Depending on the level of addiction, a drug addict may need inpatient or outpatient treatment, counseling sessions, participation in self-help groups, etc., along with both detoxification and withdrawal therapy. These methods will help him treat both psychological and physical signs of drug addiction.

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